Aerospace Force's mission in Syria more effective than American - press secretary
Politician warns Ukraine will face huge losses, job cuts due to ban on exports to Russia
Turkish businesses ring tocsins - Russian presidential press secretary
Islamic State gunmen receive weapons from Turkey — Syria FM
Head of Crimea hopes power bridge will start operating on December 5-6
Aerospace Force's mission in Syria more effective than American - press secretaryRussian Politics & Diplomacy November 28, 15:59
Turkish businesses ring tocsins - Russian presidential press secretaryRussian Politics & Diplomacy November 28, 9:33
OSCE conf giving Russia, Turkey chance to straighten out relations — Serbia's PresidentWorld November 28, 3:03
NATO understands that Turkey creates risks for entire alliance — Russian NATO envoyRussian Politics & Diplomacy November 28, 0:45
Syria FM says incident with Russian plane act of aggression against Syria's sovereignityWorld November 27, 21:45
Russian Foreign Ministry: No conditions for modernization of trust-building agreementRussian Politics & Diplomacy November 27, 21:35
Head of Crimea hopes power bridge will start operating on December 5-6Business & Economy November 27, 21:29
Russia’s Aerospace Forces chief: Turkish F-16 didn't warn Su-24M crew at agreed frequencyMilitary & Defense November 27, 20:55
Kremlin pleased with results of French president’s visit to MoscowRussian Politics & Diplomacy November 27, 20:03
MOSCOW, November 5 (Itar-Tass) — Three Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) have been successfully put in final orbit. "The Proton-M booster rocket that blasted off from the Baikonur cosmodrome at 16:51, Moscow time, on Friday, successfully put three GLONASS-M units in final orbit at 22:41, Moscow time," an official at the Federal Space Agency (Roskosmos) told Itar-Tass.
"The transfer of each of the three satellites to the preset points of orbital plane will be effected by turning on their engines. It takes 45 days from the moment of launch to make the new units fully operational. They will function in circular orbits at altitudes 19,100 kilometers and inclination angle 64.8 degrees. One GLONASS-M satellite masses 1,415 kilograms. The term of active service life is seven years.
The purpose of the launch is to bring the cluster of the GLONASS satellites in orbit to the strength to ensure global coverage. At present, 23 satellites in the GLONASS system are in dedicated use, four are at the stage of integrating in the system, two are undergoing maintenance and one is in reserve.
The Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) is based on a constellation of active satellites which continuously transmit coded signals in two frequency bands, which can be received by users anywhere on the Earth's surface to identify their position and velocity in real time based on ranging measurements. The system rivals the United States Global Positioning System (GPS), with both systems sharing the same principles in the data transmission and positioning methods.
GLONASS is also used by the military in the interests of Russia's security.
To provide continuous navigation signal in the whole territory of Russia, it needs at least 18 operating satellites, while 24 units will provide coverage worldwide.
The development of the GLONASS began in 1976. It was completed 1995 but then became rundown after the collapse of the Soviet economy. In 2001, Russia decided to restore the system.