Dutch media escalate anti-Russian propaganda ahead of MH17 report — expert
Lavrov, Kerry discuss Ukraine, fight against IS by phone — Russia's foreign ministry
Russian, French diplomats discuss coordinated efforts to fight Islamic State
Russia, India ponder co-development of new generation infantry fighting vehicle — company
Chechen leader says ready to be questioned over murder of Russian opposition figure
US has nothing to object to Russia’s actions in Syria with — upper house speakerRussian Politics & Diplomacy October 09, 3:20
Russia's Defense Ministry aware of Free Syrian Army’s willingness to battle IS togetherMilitary & Defense October 08, 21:47
Protesters in Moldova turn down authorities’ proposal to begin talksWorld October 08, 21:32
Lavrov, Kerry discuss Ukraine, fight against IS by phone — Russia's foreign ministryRussian Politics & Diplomacy October 08, 21:28
Russian rescuers approach Norwegian tanker in distress in Barents SeaWorld October 08, 21:15
Russia, Japan focus on historical aspects in peace treaty talksRussian Politics & Diplomacy October 08, 20:47
Egypt positively assesses Russian Armed Forces’ actions in Syria - Kremlin spokesmanRussian Politics & Diplomacy October 08, 20:30
Russia urges OSCE to help ensure freedom of Russian media activities in MoldovaRussian Politics & Diplomacy October 08, 20:19
Kremlin declines to comment on possibility to investigate events in South Ossetia by ICCWorld October 08, 20:14
MOSCOW, November 13 (Itar-Tass) — The second GLONASS-K satellite will be launched in late 2012 or early 2013, deputy director general of Russian Space Systems /RKS/ Grigory Stupak told reporters at the opening of the 11th international conference Aviation and Cosmonautics 2012 on Tuesday.
The company representative explained the tentative date by problems of the order of priority in launching the unit from the cosmodrome. After the launch of the second spacecraft, it will have to undergo trials, due to be completed in 2014-2015.
The first GLONASS-K satellite was launched last February. The shortcomings identified in its operation were eliminated in the second upgraded unit. There are no plans yet for the launch of the third unit of this generation of satellites.
"Next year, we'll have scheduled launches of GLONASS-M to maintain the orbital cluster. The number of launches will be determined by operational necessity," Stupak said.
The number of functioning units of the GLONASS satellite navigation system may increase to 30 in the next two or three years. "The immediate plans are to bring the cluster to 30 units deployed in additional planes," Stupak said, "research, feasibility and modeling will be completed this year. To implement this plan, only a political decision will be needed."
To ensure the effective operation of all 30 units, Russia will have to develop a new interface to receive the signal from all the 30 satellites. The equipment currently in use can only work with 24 GLONASS satellites.
The increase in the number of functioning GLONASS satellite will enhance the performance characteristics of this navigation system by an order of magnitude.
"It will improve its precision and effectiveness in urban conditions. Also, GLONASS is somewhat outperformed in water areas by foreign navigation systems, but bringing the cluster to 30 units will rectify it," the RKS official said.
"Our key task is to make sure that the change does not disrupt the existing users' work," he underlined.
The Russian global satellite navigation system /GLONASS/ functions in the interests of the national economy, defense and state security. It is an important strategic element of the government infrastructure. The satellite system determines the location of airborne, seaborne, ground and space objects and persons. It is a dual purpose asset and is used not only by the military, but also by the police, the Emergency Situations Ministry and federal emergency services.
To ensure uninterrupted navigation signal in the whole territory of Russia, it needs 18 functioning satellites, while global coverage requires 24.
Russia currently operates GLONASS, GLONASS-M and GLONASS-K satellites. The operating life of GLONASS-M units is seven years, while the new generation GLONASS-K might function up to 15 years.